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Rick Braveheart's Snapshots

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  1. Cliff Palace

    Snapshot Title: Cliff Palace
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Cliff Palace
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Cliff Palace in Mesa Verde National Park (Colorado) is the largest cliff dwelling in North America. It was built between 1190-1260 A.D. and contains 150 rooms.



  2. Wooden Beams

    Snapshot Title: Wooden Beams
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Cliff Palace
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Wooden beams, like those protruding from the wall of this tower were used to support interior floors and also roofs. These wooden beams, many of which are still original, have proven helpful in determ...



  3. Storage Rooms

    Snapshot Title: Storage Rooms
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Cliff Palace
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Cliff Palace contains nine storage rooms intentionally built into the ceiling of the alchove away from rodents and children. These rooms, used to store food were accessed via tall wooden ladders.



  4. Terrace

    Snapshot Title: Terrace
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Cliff Palace
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Residents of Cliff Palace worked and gathered on the site's rooftops, terraces, courtyards and plaza.



  5. Kiva

    Snapshot Title: Kiva
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Cliff Palace
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Cliff Palace contains 21 round shaped rooms known as kivas or ceremonial chambers. Kivas were the site of ceremonies and social gatherings for the community,



  6. Living Rooms

    Snapshot Title: Living Rooms
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Cliff Palace
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Cliff Palace once housed 25-30 living rooms where families lived, slept, ate and cooked. These living rooms which would accomodate 3-4 people measure 6x8 feet and are less than 8 feet tall.



  7. Waiting for the Tour

    Snapshot Title: Waiting for the Tour
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Cliff Palace
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Park visitors gather at an overlook hundreds of feet above Cliff Palace waiting to begin a Ranger-led tour of the cliff dwelling.



  8. Round Tower

    Snapshot Title: Round Tower
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Cliff Palace
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Cliff Palace features several towers including this circular shaped tower. At one time this tower was surrounded by nearby rooms and walls of other towers.



  9. Tower

    Snapshot Title: Tower
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Cliff Palace
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Cliff Palace features several rectangular and round shaped multistory towers.This one was built with great care and attention to details, and extends from floor to the ceiling of the alcove. It also c...



  10. Visitor

    Snapshot Title: Visitor
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Cliff Palace
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Visitors on Ranger-led tour making a photo.



  11. Tour

    Snapshot Title: Tour
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Cliff Palace
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Park visitors on Ranger-led tour



  12. Glyph

    Snapshot Title: Glyph
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Petroglyph Point - Mesa Verde National Park
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Glyph



  13. Animals

    Snapshot Title: Animals
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Petroglyph Point - Mesa Verde National Park
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Animals



  14. Family

    Snapshot Title: Family
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Petroglyph Point - Mesa Verde National Park
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Family



  15. Petroglyph1

    Snapshot Title: Petroglyph1
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Petroglyph Point - Mesa Verde National Park
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Birds/hand



  16. Dwelling Entrance

    Snapshot Title: Dwelling Entrance
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Spruce Tree House - Mesa Verde National Park
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Entrance to Spruce Tree House is made by following a gradually descending path leading from the park museum 150 feet above.



  17. Original Materials

    Snapshot Title: Original Materials
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Spruce Tree House - Mesa Verde National Park
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Roughly 90 percent of Spruce Tree House is original and no reconstruction has been done to areas that were already in ruin when it was first excavated.



  18. Drain

    Snapshot Title: Drain
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Spruce Tree House - Mesa Verde National Park
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Modern drains such as this and installed by the National Park Service help direct rainwater away from hiking paths.



  19. Self-Guided Tour

    Snapshot Title: Self-Guided Tour
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Spruce Tree House - Mesa Verde National Park
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Unlike other cliff dwellings in the park, visitors are free to tour Spruce Tree House on their own. Park Rangers are available to answer questions.



  20. Original Support Beam

    Snapshot Title: Original Support Beam
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Spruce Tree House - Mesa Verde National Park
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Many of the original support beams from early A.D. 1200 which were used to support roofs can be found in many kivas.



  21. Doorway

    Snapshot Title: Doorway
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Spruce Tree House - Mesa Verde National Park
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Entrance into rooms was made through T-shaped and rectangular doorways. During Winter, animal hides or thin rock slabs were stretched across doorways to keep cold out.



  22. Courtyard

    Snapshot Title: Courtyard
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Spruce Tree House - Mesa Verde National Park
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    This courtyard is similar to most found in the various cliff dwellings. The poles seen near the bottom is the supporting poles of a ladder descending into a kiva below.



  23. Spruce Tree House

    Snapshot Title: Spruce Tree House
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Spruce Tree House - Mesa Verde National Park
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    The third largest cliff dwelling in Mesa Verde National Park, Spruce Tree House built between A.D. 1200 and 1276 contains 114 rooms.



  24. Raised Floor

    Snapshot Title: Raised Floor
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Freeman School Beatrice Nebraska (circa 1872)
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    A teacher normally set upon a raised floor to see students better. It could also be used as a stage for performances.



  25. Teachjer's Desk

    Snapshot Title: Teachjer's Desk
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Freeman School Beatrice Nebraska (circa 1872)
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    A teacher's desk with typical supplies used in the 1880's including handheld bell, ink pens and ink, card box for keeping attendance, etc.



  26. Desk and Seat

    Snapshot Title: Desk and Seat
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Freeman School Beatrice Nebraska (circa 1872)
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    A traditional hardwood school desk with fold down seat.



  27. Stover

    Snapshot Title: Stover
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Freeman School Beatrice Nebraska (circa 1872)
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    The wood fired stove was also used to heat the room and provide hot water.



  28. Low Table

    Snapshot Title: Low Table
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Freeman School Beatrice Nebraska (circa 1872)
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    A low table with small chairs used by the youngest students.



  29. Chalk boards

    Snapshot Title: Chalk boards
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Freeman School Beatrice Nebraska (circa 1872)
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Chalk boards and chalk were used for practing lessons.



  30. School Textbook

    Snapshot Title: School Textbook
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Freeman School Beatrice Nebraska (circa 1872)
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    The McGuffey's Reader (this one from 1880) was the textbook series from which most Americans learned to read and write between the mid-1800's to mid-1900's.



  31. Photo

    Snapshot Title: Photo
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Freeman School Beatrice Nebraska (circa 1872)
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Photo of Abraham Lincoln who signed the Homestead Act into Law in 1862.



  32. SCHOOL BELL

    Snapshot Title: SCHOOL BELL
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Freeman School Beatrice Nebraska (circa 1872)
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Used tfrom 1876 to 1867.



  33. Palmer-Epard Cabin, circa 1867

    Snapshot Title: Palmer-Epard Cabin, circa 1867
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Heritage Center - Homestead National Monument of America, Nebraska
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Built in 1867 from mixed hardwoods, by George W. Palmer and measuring only 14x16 feet in size, this wood cabin represents a local home style that was considered luxurious.



  34. Living Wall

    Snapshot Title: Living Wall
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Heritage Center - Homestead National Monument of America, Nebraska
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    The Living Wall represents the more than 30 states in which federal land was offered to homesteaders.



  35. Do You Live Near a Homestead

    Snapshot Title: Do You Live Near a Homestead
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Heritage Center - Homestead National Monument of America, Nebraska
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Explanation of the states in which federal land was available for homesteading.



  36. Roof design

    Snapshot Title: Roof design
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Heritage Center - Homestead National Monument of America, Nebraska
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    The upward curving roof was designed to resemble a plow blade used for cutting the sod used for constructing most dwellings in the area.



  37. Welcome

    Snapshot Title: Welcome
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Heritage Center - Homestead National Monument of America, Nebraska
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Window sign



  38. Homestead National Monument of America

    Snapshot Title: Homestead National Monument of America
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Heritage Center - Homestead National Monument of America, Nebraska
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Building sign



  39. Heritage Center

    Snapshot Title: Heritage Center
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Heritage Center - Homestead National Monument of America, Nebraska
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Constructed in 2007, the Heritage Center provides exhibits and educational programs on the significance of the Homestead Act on America's westward expansion in the late-1800's and early 1900's.



  40. Osprey Island

    Snapshot Title: Osprey Island
    Taken by: Rick Braveheart

    Image: Whiskeytown National Recreation Center, Whiskeytown California
    Image Owner: Rick Braveheart



    Description:

    Formerly the top of a ridge until the valley was flooded to create Whiskeytown Lake. Now home to several pairs of nesting osprey.



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