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Serpent Mound by Steve Beckelhimer

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About This Gigapan

Taken by
Steve Beckelhimer Steve Beckelhimer
Explore score
0.62 Gigapixels
Date added
Oct 01, 2011
Date taken
Oct 01, 2011

Serpent Mound is located in Adams County, Ohio near Peebles.

In 1846, Serpent Mound was discovered by two surveyors Ephraim G. Squier and Edwin H. Davis. Harvard University’s Frederic Ward Putnam first excavated Serpent Mound in 1887 along with two conical mounds nearby.

Putnam concluded from evidence he found in the conical mounds, that the earthen structures in the area were built by the Adena culture. The Adena lived throughout Ohio and some surrounding areas from 1000 to 200 BC. These mound-building people lived in what is called the Woodland Period.

Evidence from more recent excavations indicates that Serpent Mound could have been constructed between 1000-1550 AD. This radiocarbon evidence would put the construction of Serpent Mound during the period of the Fort Ancient Culture. Serpent Mound is considered an effigy mound and the nearby conical mounds are burial mounds.

Serpent Mound has a base layer of clay and stone then alternating layers of stone and soil. The outer layer of the serpent is topsoil.

The head of Serpent Mound points to sunset at summer solstice. Undulations in the body of the serpentine mound point to additional astronomical points. Much of the use for the mound is unknown and open to speculation today.

The area around Serpent Mound was the site of an asteroid impact about 300 million years ago. This impact created some unique geological features in the area. It is not known whether the 4 mile diameter crater has any relationship with the construction of the mound. Perhaps the crater influenced the mound-builders that this was a special area. Perhaps the building of the mound at this location is coincidence.

Serpent Mound is a great place to visit and hike, take photos and learn something about the prehistory of Ohio. An informative museum and helpful docents give visitors a background on the area and can enhance a trip. A paved footpath surrounds the effigy mound of the serpent and an observation tower allows visitors a view of nearby the entire mound. This GigaPan photo was taken from the observation tower.

A visit to Serpent Mound is free but a small fee is assessed for parking. More information is available at: www.ohiohistory.org/places/serpent Will open in a new tab or window/

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Stitcher Notes


GigaPan Stitch version 1.0.0805 (Windows)
Panorama size: 622 megapixels (43380 x 14356 pixels)
Input images: 136 (17 columns by 8 rows)
Field of view: 163.9 degrees wide by 54.2 degrees high (top=11.8, bottom=-42.4)
All default settings
Original image properties:
Camera make: Canon
Camera model: Canon PowerShot A3100 IS
Image size: 4000x3000 (12.0 megapixels)
Capture time: 2011-10-01 12:00:39 - 2011-10-01 12:06:24
Aperture: f/5.6
Exposure time: 0.04
ISO: 80
Focal length (35mm equiv.): 138.5 mm
Digital zoom: off
White balance: Fixed
Exposure mode: Manual
Horizontal overlap: 39.6 to 52.6 percent
Vertical overlap: 45.0 to 46.8 percent
Computer stats: 3069.34 MB RAM, 2 CPUs
Total time 23:46 (10 seconds per picture)
Alignment: 11:02, Projection: 1:53, Blending: 10:52
(Preview finished in 14:54)

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