1. Skip to navigation
  2. Skip to content
  3. Skip to sidebar


Snapshots

  1. Artifact Detail: Endscraper

    Snapshot Title: Artifact Detail: Endscraper
    Taken by: Mathew Sisk

    Image: Castanet Excavation 2008
    Image Owner: Mathew Sisk



    Description:

    This object is a partially buried endscraper on a retouched blade. The production of blades is a characteristic of the Aurignacian. They consist of a long, thin blade of stone with a several smaller...



  2. Bedrock

    Snapshot Title: Bedrock
    Taken by: Mathew Sisk

    Image: Castanet Excavation 2008
    Image Owner: Mathew Sisk



    Description:

    The Aurignacian layers at Castanet rest directly on bedrock, shown here. The bedrock consists of platy limestone pieces relatively loosely held together. During the excavations, as we walk across th...



  3. Limestone Block

    Snapshot Title: Limestone Block
    Taken by: Mathew Sisk

    Image: Castanet Excavation 2008
    Image Owner: Mathew Sisk



    Description:

    This is an example of a medium sized limestone block in the archaeological horizon. When looking across the surface, most of the objects are these blocks. Most of our excavation surface is made up o...



  4. Referencing Difficulties

    Snapshot Title: Referencing Difficulties
    Taken by: Mathew Sisk

    Image: Castanet Excavation 2008
    Image Owner: Mathew Sisk



    Description:

    Sometimes, the distortion and decrease in resolution on the margins of the Gigapans makes it difficult to locate objects. For instance, there is an important object in this area, excavated on the sam...



  5. Hole in a Limestone Block

    Snapshot Title: Hole in a Limestone Block
    Taken by: Mathew Sisk

    Image: Castanet Excavation 2008
    Image Owner: Mathew Sisk



    Description:

    Occasionally, we find a block of limestone with a hole in it. The Aurignacian people in the region often bored holes in stone of the overhanging rockshelter, called “Pierres à anneaux” in French...



  6. Artifact Detail: Burin

    Snapshot Title: Artifact Detail: Burin
    Taken by: Mathew Sisk

    Image: Castanet Excavation 2008
    Image Owner: Mathew Sisk



    Description:

    Underneath the whitish object is a worked stone tool. It is a tool type known as a burin. Burins are made in a unique way and have a thick durable edge that work very well for chiseling or gouging t...



  7. Artifact Detail: Tooth

    Snapshot Title: Artifact Detail: Tooth
    Taken by: Mathew Sisk

    Image: Castanet Excavation 2008
    Image Owner: Mathew Sisk



    Description:

    This object is a tooth from an herbivore, likely a reindeer. It was more than likely brought into the shelter as part of an animal that was subsequently butchered. Teeth are very dense and preserve ...



  8. Barcode System

    Snapshot Title: Barcode System
    Taken by: Mathew Sisk

    Image: Castanet Excavation 2008
    Image Owner: Mathew Sisk



    Description:

    Each object, sediment sample and bucket of recovered sediment is given a unique barcode. Using scanners like those at a grocery store, this allows us to very quickly access all of the data associated...



  9. Sieved Sediment

    Snapshot Title: Sieved Sediment
    Taken by: Mathew Sisk

    Image: Castanet Excavation 2008
    Image Owner: Mathew Sisk



    Description:

    These are the screens holding sediment that has washed, sieved and is drying and waiting to be sorted. When sieving we use two screen sizes. Most of the material is found in the smaller screen. Bec...



  10. Sediment Buckets

    Snapshot Title: Sediment Buckets
    Taken by: Mathew Sisk

    Image: Castanet Excavation 2008
    Image Owner: Mathew Sisk



    Description:

    The sediment from each active excavation unit is saved in these buckets (labeled with it's unit, the date and details of the stratigraphy). These buckets are then washed, sieved and sorted. This all...



  11. Excavation Tools

    Snapshot Title: Excavation Tools
    Taken by: Mathew Sisk

    Image: Castanet Excavation 2008
    Image Owner: Mathew Sisk



    Description:

    We excavate the site using a variety of tools: brushes of various sizes, bamboo skewers, cups made from plastic bottles and pieces of PVC piping. (The rocks are not excavations tools)



  12. Artifact Detail: Stone Tool Fragment

    Snapshot Title: Artifact Detail: Stone Tool Fragment
    Taken by: Mathew Sisk

    Image: Castanet Excavation 2008
    Image Owner: Mathew Sisk



    Description:

    An unmodified flint flake. These are the most commonly found objects at Castanet and most Paleolithic sites. It is important to note that while they have not been retouched into a formal tool type, ...



  13. Artifact Detail: Bone Fragment

    Snapshot Title: Artifact Detail: Bone Fragment
    Taken by: Mathew Sisk

    Image: Castanet Excavation 2008
    Image Owner: Mathew Sisk



    Description:

    A 32,000 year old reindeer bone fragment. It is broken, most likely during butchery.



  14. Artifact Detail: Antler Piece

    Snapshot Title: Artifact Detail: Antler Piece
    Taken by: Mathew Sisk

    Image: Castanet Excavation 2008
    Image Owner: Mathew Sisk



    Description:

    A piece of reindeer antler from near where the tines branch off. This particular object has traces of being worked, but is not a formal tool. Other pieces of antler at Castanet are made into tools t...



  15. Photo Reference Points

    Snapshot Title: Photo Reference Points
    Taken by: Mathew Sisk

    Image: Castanet Excavation 2008
    Image Owner: Mathew Sisk



    Description:

    In order to later reference the image into the digital elevation model (DEM) of the excavation surface, a number of known reference points are needed. The points are first recorded in the sire grid u...