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Downtown Beirut Archaeology - The Wall by Faysal Bibi

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Taken by
Faysal Bibi Faysal Bibi
Explore score
1
Size
0.35 Gigapixels
Views
1048
Date added
May 06, 2011
Date taken
Mar 15, 2011
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Description

Anceint Beirut was established "donkeys' years" ago, to use the scientific expression. Excavations in downtown Beirut today are revealing the virtually unknown past of this city. Beneath modern Beirut lie multiple habitation levels going from Hellenistic and Roman times all the way up to the Ottoman period and into the 20th Century CE. In over 2000 years of habitation, Beirut's residents have never needed to remove the old layers beneath to construct their own settlements above. Until now, where demands for taller buildings, and multistory parking garages, are requiring archaeologists to dig deep, document, then remove these layers of the city's history.

In the center of this image is a retaining or isolation wall, dated to 2nd-3rd Century AD. It was once the outer wall along the edge of an ancient settlement area, near the city walls of ancient Beirut. Later in time, 4th-5th Century CE, the outer area was used as an industrial space and a kiln was emplaced. There is baked clay still on the outer wall (with marks of hands and fingers) where the kiln used to be. The wall is constructed of stone and mortar covered by plaster that is grooved in order to apply further plaster facades.

Behind the wall's corner is a water cistern which is contemporaneous with the first phase of the wall. In a second phase the cistern is filled and built over with the wall remaining in place and continuing to be used.

This site includes continuous settlement from Hellenistic (2nd/3rd Century BCE) up through Roman and beyond to early 6th Century CE.

Location: Downtown Beirut, Lebanon. Just across from Saifi Village area.

Site archaeologists: Freddy Rishani, Hadi Choueri, and team.

All info here as communicated to me by the site archaeologists, but any errors are mine.


Gigapan Comments (2)

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  1. ks | Darkroom

    ks | Darkroom (May 07, 2011, 02:02AM )

    Nice work! check my Gigapan: gigapan.org/gigapans/67894/

  2. Ralph Chaoui

    Ralph Chaoui (May 07, 2011, 01:42AM )

    Mr. choueri, check my pamorama...

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Stitcher Notes

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GigaPan Stitch version 1.1.1240 (Macintosh)
Panorama size: 351 megapixels (23676 x 14844 pixels)
Input images: 80 (10 columns by 8 rows)
Field of view: 67.3 degrees wide by 42.2 degrees high (top=2.4, bottom=-39.8)
Settings:
Vignette correction on: c1=0.0878 c2=-0.038
All default settings
Original image properties:
Camera make: Canon
Camera model: Canon PowerShot SX120 IS
Image size: 3648x2736 (10.0 megapixels)
Capture time: 2011-03-15 12:23:15 - 2011-03-15 12:30:59
Aperture: f/5.6
Exposure time: 0.00125 - 0.0333333
ISO: 100
Focal length (35mm equiv.): 189.7 mm
Digital zoom: off
White balance: Fixed
Exposure mode: Automatic
Horizontal overlap: 37.3 to 57.5 percent
Vertical overlap: 32.8 to 47.1 percent
Computer stats: 3840 MB RAM, 2 CPUs
Total time 10:15 (7.7 seconds per picture)
Alignment: 2:41, Projection: 1:11, Blending: 6:22
(Preview finished in 4:41)

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