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Mauna Kea Observatory, Hawaii by Fred Espenak

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About This Gigapan

Taken by
Fred Espenak Fred Espenak
Explore score
0.26 Gigapixels
Date added
Apr 27, 2010
Date taken
Apr 25, 2010

Canon G9 + Gigapan Epic


Atop the 14,000-ft summit of Hawaiian volcano Mauna Kea are some of the world's largest telescopes for optical, infrared, and submillimeter astronomy. From left to right, the observatories and telescopes in this panorama are identified as follows.

The silver 'golf ball' dome of the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory contains a 10.4-meter dish. The James Clerk Maxwell Telescope is a 15-meter diameter dish also used for submillimeter astronomy and is operated by the UK, Netherlands and Canada. Eight 6-meter antennas of the Submillimeter Array are operated by Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and Taiwan. The Subaru Telescope has a diameter of 8.3 meters and is used for optical and IR astronomy. The twin domes of the W. M. Keck Observatory house two 10-meter telescopes operated by Caltech and University of California. The silver dome of the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility contains a 3.0-meter infrared telescope operated by University of Hawaii for NASA.

List of Gigapan Panoramas of Hawaii:

- Kilauea Caldera (www.gigapan.org/gigapans/48522/)
- Kilauea Iki Crater (www.gigapan.org/gigapans/48548/)
- Halemaumau Crater (gigapan.org/gigapans/48670/)
- Mauna Kea Observatory (www.gigapan.org/gigapans/48361/)
- Waipio Valley (www.gigapan.org/gigapans/48498/)
- Fishpond at Anaeho'omalu Bay (www.gigapan.org/gigapans/48173/)
- Anaeho'omalu Bay Fishpond at Sunset (www.gigapan.org/gigapans/48344/)

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Stitcher Notes


GigaPan Stitcher version 0.4.3865 (Macintosh)
Panorama size: 264 megapixels (31749 x 8334 pixels)
Input images: 44 (11 columns by 4 rows)
Field of view: 74.1 degrees wide by 19.4 degrees high (top=3.5, bottom=-16.0)
All default settings
Original image properties:
Camera make: Canon
Camera model: Canon PowerShot G9
Image size: 4000x3000 (12.0 megapixels)
Capture time: 2010-04-25 22:23:31 - 2010-04-25 22:26:12
Aperture: f/8
Exposure time: 0.0025
ISO: 100
Focal length (35mm equiv.): 207.7 mm
Digital zoom: off
White balance: Fixed
Exposure mode: Manual
Horizontal overlap: 28.3 to 35.1 percent
Vertical overlap: 38.5 to 41.8 percent
Computer stats: 3840 MB RAM, 2 CPUs
Total time 27:11 (0:37 per picture)
Alignment: 1:54, Projection: 3:50, Blending: 21:26

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