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2009.10.10 [001-021] by turist

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Taken by
turist turist
Explore score
1
Size
0.06 Gigapixels
Views
2690
Date added
Oct 13, 2009
Date taken
Oct 10, 2009
Gear

Nikon D80

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Description

Redoubts on the Poltava battle field.
The Russian Tsar Peter I used redoubts on the Poltava battlefield as a support for his frontline troops. To cover the approach to the fortified camp of the Russian army and disrupt the battle formation of the advancing enemy, Tsar Peter I ordered two lines of square or rectangular redoubts built in the form of the letter T. Each redoubt consisted of earthwork with a rampart and a deep trench, and was protected by a palisade. The Belgorod regiment, under the command of Brigadier Aigustov, provided most of the garrisons deployed in the redoubts. The artillery of the redoubts consisted of 16 guns. The Russian cavalry under the command of Menshikov was positioned behind the line of redoubts. While preparing for the bicentenary celebration of the Battle of Poltava ten concrete obelisks were erected in the places where the redoubts were believed to have been located. Although the obelisks were originally crowned with double-headed bronze eagles, these were removed soon after the Revolution of 1917. In 1939 the obelisks were replaced with 4.5 meter high granite pyramidal obelisks.

Петр I применил редуты на поле Полтавской битвы в качестве передовых опорных пунктов для разрушения боевого порядка наступающей шведской армии Карла XII. По его распоряжению, перед укрепленным лагерем русской армии у деревни Яковцы было построено шесть поперечных и четыре продольных редута. Это были четырехугольные или треугольные земляные укрепления, состоявшие из бруствера и рва, защищенного палисадом (заостренные и вкопанные в землю стволы деревьев). Два крайних поперечных редута не были закончены до начала битвы. Основу гарнизона, размещенного в редутах, составлял Белгородский полк (8 батальонов) под командованием бригадира Айгустова. Артиллерия редутов составляла около 16 орудий. Русская кавалерия под командованием Меньшикова располагалась за линией редутов.


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