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Unhealthy Honey Bee Frame by Dennis vanEngelsdorp

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About This Gigapan

Taken by
Dennis vanEngelsdorp Dennis vanEngelsdorp
Explore score
0.14 Gigapixels
Date added
Jul 06, 2009
Date taken
Jun 26, 2009

Image by Mike Andree. Annotation by Mike Andree and Dennis vanEngelsdorp.

This particular Gigapan image captures a comb of brood from a diseased honey bee colony in a way not previously available to the general public. For those new to beekeeping, or apprehensive about opening up a hive, this panorama, and others like it, can be used to teach beekeepers disease identification and bee biology.
This panorama was taken at a quarantined apiary managed near Newport, Pennsylvania to study honey bee diseases. The frame depicted in the panorama comes from one of several unhealthy honey bee colonies in that apiary (Red Hill Apiary). The diseased hives were donated by a commercial beekeeper based in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, who was to donate several of his unhealthiest colonies in late spring so that the colonies could be monitored as they developed over the season. In all, 7 of the 8 colonies monitored died before the winter. The surviving colony died over the winter.
The studied colonies were assessed every two weeks over the summer. Researchers would take various measures of colony health – including estimating the adult honey bee population, the amount of brood (or young immature bees) contained in the colony, the status of the queen, and the presence of honey bee adult and brood diseases. Samples of adult bees were taken at each sampling point to quantify the number of parasitic mites and pathogens (such as Nosema disease) in the population.
While taking Gigapan image’s of the honey bee frames at the Red Hill Apiary did not directly assist with our documenting of colony decline, it did provide a unique and interactive tool by which bee biology and brood disease identification could be delivered. On this frame there are many examples of both healthy and unhealthy brood, and properly tagged individual diseased larvae can serve as a revolutionary educational tool.

Gigapan Comments (3)

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  2. Paul Heckbert

    Paul Heckbert (November 14, 2010, 05:24AM )

    This gigapan is on display in the Gigapixel Imaging for Science Gallery Show, Carnegie Museum of Natural History, November 2010. See it in the gallery space at gigapan.org/gigapans/64744/ .

  3. Illah Nourbakhsh

    Illah Nourbakhsh (June 03, 2010, 02:49AM )

    This is a wonderful example of using gigapixel imagery to teach science detail- I am really impressed with how the image, the snapshots and the snapshot comments make this such a rich panorama to explore. Thank you!

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Stitcher Notes


GigaPan Stitcher version 0.4.3864 (Windows)
Panorama size: 137 megapixels (15264 x 9003 pixels)
Input images: 50 (10 columns by 5 rows)
Field of view: 24.8 degrees wide by 14.6 degrees high (top=2.1, bottom=-12.5)
All default settings
Original image properties:
Camera make: Canon
Camera model: Canon PowerShot SX110 IS
Image size: 3456x2592 (9.0 megapixels)
Capture time: 2009-06-26 12:26:15 - 2009-06-26 12:29:10
Aperture: f/8
Exposure time: 0.0333333
ISO: 80
Focal length (35mm equiv.): 357.6 mm
Digital zoom: off
White balance: Fixed
Exposure mode: Manual
Horizontal overlap: 63.0 to 72.8 percent
Vertical overlap: 47.4 to 48.2 percent
Computer stats: 2045.54 MB RAM, 2 CPUs
Total time 2:23:48 (2:52 per picture)
Alignment: 18:02, Projection: 7:10, Blending: 1:58:35

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