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Triumphal Arch of Orange: Panel 3 by USF Libraries

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About This Gigapan

Taken by
USF Libraries USF Libraries
Explore score
0.28 Gigapixels
Date added
Jul 30, 2014
Date taken
May 18, 2014
architectural, cityscapes, landscape

Panel 3 is located on the southeast side of the arch.

The Roman Theatre and Triumphal Arch of Orange are located in the town of Orange in southeast France. The sites date from the Augustan period (27 BC - AD 14) and were nominated together in 1981 to the UNESCO World Heritage List. The Triumphal Arch of Orange is located to the north of the theatre and is considered to be one of the most important existing relics of Roman Gaul (ICOMOS 1981). Built between AD 10 and 25, the Roman arch is beautifully decorated with low reliefs commemorating the establishment of the Pax Romana, and containing decipherable sculpted reliefs illustrating military conquest and battles (Cleere 2001:122-123). The arch was later dedicated and inscribed in honor of the Roman emperor Tiberius. The International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) recognizes the universal value of these sites, and in 2007 potential pressure from urban development, as well as threats from over-visitation, and surface erosion and deterioration, led to the protection zone being expanded around these monument locations, providing them a buffer of preservation.

Researchers with the University of South Florida Alliance for Integrated Spatial Technologies, collaborating with USF History Professor William Murray, utilized terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) survey and imaging techniques to document the Triumphal Arch of Orange. Not only will this documentation serve as the finest, most accurate record of the arch, but will provide a digital model that can be studied, analyzed, shared, and virtually replicated for future posterity and the preservation of this important monument. Progressive detail imaging using 3D terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) and high resolution, gigapixel photographic techniques will provide for the ability to forensically analyze and digitally examine the battle depictions, and provide researchers with the capability to share and compare these depictions with other related portrayals of battle scenes from this era. Dr. Murray is using these data to address important research questions concerning ancient naval battle warfare, and is utilizing 3D data in his broader analyses of ram or prow typologies and depictions.

References Cited:

Cleere, H. 2001 Southern France: An Oxford Archaeological Guide. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

ICOMOS 1981 Nomination for World Heritage List: Roman theatre and its Surroundings and the "Triumphal Arch" of Orange. International Council on Monuments and Sites, Paris. Electronic document: whc.unesco.org/en/list/163 Will open in a new tab or window.

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Stitcher Notes


GigaPan Stitch.Efx version 2.1.0160 (Macintosh)
Panorama size: 275 megapixels (22028 x 12528 pixels)
Input images: 63 (9 columns by 7 rows)
Field of view: 43.0 degrees wide by 24.4 degrees high (top=13.2, bottom=-11.2)
Vignette correction on: c1=0.00302 c2=-0.000865
Use larger blending region
Original image properties:
Camera model: NIKON D800
Image size: 4800x3200 (15.4 megapixels)
Capture time: 2014-05-18 07:52:24 - 2014-05-18 07:58:43
Aperture: f/9
Exposure time: 0.004
ISO: 800
Focal length (35mm equiv.): 202.0 mm
Digital zoom: 1.5X
White balance: Automatic
Exposure mode: Manual
Horizontal overlap: 55.1 to 56.9 percent
Vertical overlap: 50.8 to 53.0 percent
Computer stats: 7936 MB RAM, 2 CPUs
Total time 25:31 (24 seconds per picture)
Alignment: 2:35, Projection: 2:29, Blending: 20:28
(Preview finished in 14:24)

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