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Hoboken Historical Museum - Mapping the Territory: Hudson County in Maps, 1840-2013, Jan. - Sept. 2013, Section 4-1 by Hoboken Historical Museum

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About This Gigapan

Taken by
Hoboken Historical Museum Hoboken Historical Museum
Explore score
Print Pricing
$8.23 to $577.00
0.15 Gigapixels
Date added
Sep 25, 2013
Date taken
Sep 22, 2013
cityscapes, environmental, geology, street

Section 4-1 (southeast wall - overlapping with 4-2)
West New York, Guttenberg, Union Hill & West Hoboken (modern Union City), Weehawken
City of Union City was formed from the merger of Union Township (or as it was commonly called Union Hill) and West Hoboken n 1925, completing the modern makeup of Hudson County. West Hoboken was never a part of Hoboken except as detailed below. How West Hoboken and Union Township were developed and came together is discussed below along with a thumbnail description of the diverse city it is today.
An excerpt about Union City history as presented by the City of Union City on its website as of 2012:
The English granted a new town charter to the Town of Bergen in 1668. Then in 1682 Bergen County was created with its county seat in Hackensack. The new county comprised all of present day Hudson, Bergen, and Passaic Counties. In naming the new county Bergen, the English recognized and honored its earliest Dutch origins. Although sparsely populated during the 17th and 18th centuries, by the early part of the 19th century the population of the southeast section of Bergen County had increased to a point where it was deemed necessary to organize it as a separate county. In 1840 the New Jersey State Legislature created Hudson County. In 1843, the newly created County of Hudson was divided into two townships – Old Bergen Township and North Bergen Township. Old Bergen Township through the consolidation of its various communities eventually became Jersey City. North Bergen Township was gradually partitioned into the various municipalities of present day North Hudson. In 1849 the future City of Hoboken severed its ties with North Bergen Township. The next separations were the Township of Weehawken and the Town of Guttenberg in 1859. Union Township was created in 1861. From it, developed the Town of West Hoboken in 1861 and the Town of Union in 1864. The northern section of Union Township was finally incorporated as the Town of West New York in 1898.
The city that would one day become the City of Union City grew as two separate entities for over 60 years until 1925. From these two towns Union City derives a rich heritage of cultural diversity that continues to this day. For example, in the 1890’s a small five- block area of West Hoboken running on Central Avenue from 23rd street to 27th street was known as the “Dardanelles” section. It was here more than nineteen different nationalities were represented. From the earliest Dutch, English, and French settlers a steady stream of immigrant groups would come to live in Union City. In 1851 Germans began to settle the area that would become known as Union Hill. The progression of immigrants would continue throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries. The Swiss, Belgian, Italian, Irish, Armenian, Greek, Chinese, Polish, Syrian, Jewish, and Russians all found a home in Union City.
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Stitcher Notes


GigaPan Stitch.Efx version 2.2.0375 (Windows)
Panorama size: 150 megapixels (14760 x 10204 pixels)
Input images: 49 (7 columns by 7 rows)
Field of view: 66.1 degrees wide by 45.7 degrees high (top=23.4, bottom=-22.2)
Vignette correction on: c1=-0.0464 c2=0.00335
All default settings
Original image properties:
Camera make: Canon
Camera model: Canon EOS 40D
Image size: 3888x2592 (10.1 megapixels)
Capture time: 2013-09-22 22:11:41 - 2013-09-22 22:21:01
Aperture: f/22
Exposure time: 0.4 - 1
ISO: 1000
Focal length (35mm equiv.): 126.3 mm
White balance: Fixed
Exposure mode: Automatic
Horizontal overlap: 53.2 to 56.6 percent
Vertical overlap: 50.0 to 51.4 percent
Computer stats: 6141.54 MB RAM, 4 CPUs
Total time 7:45 (9.5 seconds per picture)
Alignment: 1:19, Projection: 1:31, Blending: 4:56
(Preview finished in 4:38)
Color Adjustments:
white: 67.6
gamma: 0.84
exposure: 0.7
temperature: 1
tint: -10
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