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About This GigapanToggle
- Taken by
- Nikolaos Oikonomou
- Explore score
- 0.13 Gigapixels
- Date added
- Aug 04, 2013
- Date taken
- Aug 02, 2013
- environmental, geology, landscape, nature
Musala (Bulgarian: Мусала; from Arabic through Ottoman Turkish: "near God" or "place for prayer") is the highest peak in Bulgaria and the entire Balkan Peninsula, standing at 2,925 m (9,596 ft). The summit of the Rila mountain in southwestern Bulgaria, Musala is the highest peak between the Alps and the Caucasus and the highest in Eastern Europe bar the Caucasus.
Musala is situated within the Rila National Park, which is noted for its rich flora, including species such as Macedonian Pine and Bulgarian Fir in the forests on its middle slopes, and fauna; it is one of the easiest places in Europe to see the wallcreeper. All major mountain ranges of Bulgaria can be seen from the top; these include Vitosha to the northwest, Sredna Gora towards the northeast, the Balkan Mountains along most of the northern horizon behind Vitosha and Sredna Gora, the Rhodope Mountains to the southeast, Pirin to the south, Osogovo and Ruy Mountain to the west, and of course Rila.
With an average annual temperature of -3 °C Musala is the coldest place in Bulgaria and the entire Balkan Peninsula. Temperatures stay below 0 °C for about 8 months each year. Due to this about 45% of the annual precipitation on Musala is snow, and snow cover lasts for about 200 days (more than 6,5 months). Three of the main rivers of Bulgaria, the Iskar, Maritsa and Mesta have their sources near Musala.
The easiest climb is by a straightforward footpath from the ski resort of Borovets, 10 km to the north; there is also a Gondola lift from Borovets to the Yastrebets peak at 2,369 m altitude and several mountain chalets. From Yastrebets it is a one hour hike to the Musala chalet (2,430 m), from which the ascent to the summit takes another 1,5 to 2 hours via the shelter Everest, the highest mountain hut in Bulgaria. A cosmic ray study station functioned at the summit until it was devastated by a fire in 1984. The station was re-opened in 1999 as the Environmental Observatory "Musala" of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences where air pollutants and space radiation are monitored. Also there is a meteorological station, that is doing regular synoptic and climatic observations. The station belongs to the National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology (NIMH) and functions without breaks since 1933.
The next highest peaks in the vicinity of Musala are Little Musala (2,902 m) and Irechek (2,852 m).,
Where in the World is this GigaPan?Toggle
GigaPan Stitch.Efx version 2.1.0161 (Windows)
Panorama size: 131 megapixels (25656 x 5128 pixels)
Input images: 15 (15 columns by 1 rows)
Field of view: 360.0 degrees wide by 72.0 degrees high (top=36.6, bottom=-35.3)
Vignette correction on: c1=0.00528 c2=-0.0132
All default settings
Original image properties:
Camera make: Canon
Camera model: Canon EOS 60D
Image size: 3456x5184 (17.9 megapixels)
Capture time: 2013-08-02 12:27:51 - 2013-08-02 12:28:00
Exposure time: 0.003125
Focal length (35mm equiv.): 26.9 mm
White balance: Automatic
Exposure mode: Automatic
Horizontal overlap: 28.3 to 62.7 percent
Computer stats: 8190.18 MB RAM, 6 CPUs
Total time 1:57 (7.8 seconds per picture)
Alignment: 31 seconds, Projection: 18 seconds, Blending: 1:08
(Preview finished in 1:05)