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Kawela, Molokai USGS erosion study site-2 by Richard Palmer

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About This Gigapan

Taken by
Richard Palmer Richard Palmer
Explore score
1.08 Gigapixels
Date added
Dec 09, 2008
Date taken
Dec 01, 2008

Gigapan Beta2 with Canon S5-IS


View #2, from about 50 meters closer. The United States Geological Survey(USGS) is conducting a soil erosion study in a highly disturbed area along the east rim of Kawela Gulch on Moloka`i. This area, once dryland forest, has been greatly impacted, first through cattle grazing, and now by large herds of feral goats. The lack of plant cover leads to massive erosion that carries silt into Kawela Stream and into the Pacific Ocean, smothering near shore reefs and destroying sensitive marine spawning grounds. This long term study will document water and silt runoff in a control, unfenced area, compared with a fenced area that will prevent grazing by feral ungulates, and allow plant recovery.

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Stitcher Notes


GigaPan Stitcher version 0.4.3550 (Windows)
Panorama size: 1083 megapixels (64420 x 16820 pixels)
Input images: 225 (25 columns by 9 rows)
Field of view: 85.0 degrees wide by 22.2 degrees high (top=16.8, bottom=-5.4)
All default settings
Original image properties:
Camera make: Canon
Camera model: Canon PowerShot S5 IS
Image size: 3264x2448 (8.0 megapixels)
Capture time: 2008-12-01 12:50:07 - 2008-12-01 13:07:46
Aperture: f/8
Exposure time: 0.0125 - 0.04
ISO: 80
Focal length (35mm equiv.): 435.8 mm
Digital zoom: off
White balance: Fixed
Exposure mode: Manual
Horizontal overlap: 20.6 to 25.8 percent
Vertical overlap: 24.7 to 29.0 percent
Computer stats: 3061.54 MB RAM, 2 CPUs
Total time 3:07:15 (0:49 per picture)
Alignment: 53:18, Projection: 15:28, Blending: 1:58:29

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