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Corporal William Rihl Monument by Kenneth Shockey

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About This Gigapan

Taken by
Kenneth Shockey Kenneth Shockey
Explore score
0.50 Gigapixels
Date added
Jun 22, 2013
Date taken
Jun 22, 2013

Saturday, June 22, 2013 is the 150th anniversary of the killing of Corporal William H. Rihl, the first Union soldier killed north of the Mason-Dixon Line. Corp. Rihl was born in Philadelphia in 1843. On July 19, 1861, at the age of 18, he enlisted for three years in the cavalry company organized in Philadelphia by Capt. William H. Boyd. Boyd’s company became Co. C in the 1st New York (Lincoln) Cavalry Regiment, the only company in the 1st New York that was from Pennsylvania. The 1st New York (Lincoln) was the first authorized regiment to be raised for the Civil War. Co. C was, also, the first Company in the regiment to be given a duty assignment – to protect President Abraham Lincoln and Washington City.

By June 1863, it was evident Pennsylvania was going to be invaded by Rebel forces. Union Gen. Darius Couch, in Harrisburg, Commander of the Department of the Susquehanna, ordered troops to go south toward the Mason-Dixon Line to stem the advance of Confederate troops. Among those troops headed south was Boyd’s Co. C, with the young Corp. Rihl.

On June 22, a very hot day, Confederate Gen. Albert Jenkins and his men were in the Greencastle area. He ordered Co. I, 14th VA Cavalry, to cautiously make their way north toward Chambersburg, on what is now Route 11. If they saw any Union troops, they were to retreat in haste, as if in panic, thereby luring the Federals into an ambush of waiting Confederates. Gen. Jenkins’ men were lying in wait in the wheat field of Archibald Fleming, just south, around the bend from his home, along the Chambersburg Pike.

Capt. Boyd used the Fleming farmhouse as a sheltered, gathering point for his company. A few men in Boyd’s company, for reasons only known to them, rode, without being ordered, from the back of the house to the front. Their actions drew the fire of the Confederate snipers hidden in the wheat field. Two men fell from their horses, and as the firing continued Boyd’s men retreated back toward Chambersburg.

Sgt. Milton Cafferty, wounded in the leg, had the bullet removed by Dr. George D. Carl. He was nursed back to health in the Illgenfritz home in Greencastle and eventually returned to his regiment. Corp. William H. Rihl died instantly of a gunshot wound to the head and became the first Union soldier killed north of the Mason-Dixon Line, on June 22, 1863. The Confederates buried Rihl on the spot where he fell. A few days later, Rihl’s body was exhumed by a group of townspeople, who placed it in a coffin. His body was reburied in the Lutheran Church cemetery on North Washington Street. Twenty-three years later, on June 22, 1886, Rihl’s body was re-interred at the site of his death. By June 22, 1887, the members of the GAR Corporal Rihl Post No. 438, along with a $500 appropriation from the State Legislature, had raised enough money to have a granite monument erected and dedicated on the site of Corp. Rihl’s death.

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Stitcher Notes


GigaPan Stitch.Efx version 2.2.0375 (Windows)
Panorama size: 504 megapixels (37812 x 13340 pixels)
Input images: 66 (11 columns by 6 rows)
Field of view: 73.8 degrees wide by 26.0 degrees high (top=27.0, bottom=1.0)
Vignette correction on: c1=0.0243 c2=-0.0112
All default settings
Original image properties:
Camera make: Canon
Camera model: Canon EOS 7D
Image size: 5184x3456 (17.9 megapixels)
Capture time: 2013-06-22 10:16:38 - 2013-06-22 10:21:51
Aperture: f/11
Exposure time: 0.0025
ISO: 500
Focal length (35mm equiv.): 212.0 mm
White balance: Automatic
Exposure mode: Manual
Horizontal overlap: 36.6 to 43.8 percent
Vertical overlap: 39.9 to 45.5 percent
Computer stats: 8048.93 MB RAM, 8 CPUs
Total time 25:43 (23 seconds per picture)
Alignment: 43 seconds, Projection: 4:30, Blending: 20:30
(Preview finished in 8:08)

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