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The Boneyard Beach - Death of a Maritime Forest by Suresh Muthukrishnan

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About This Gigapan

Taken by
Suresh Muthukrishnan Suresh Muthukrishnan
Explore score
4.41 Gigapixels
Date added
Apr 23, 2012
Date taken
Apr 21, 2012

This image (Bulls Island, South Carolina) captures the natural process of beach erosion and barrier Island migration along the east coast of North America. Once a thriving center for Native Americans, this Island had mature maritime forest cover. Rising sea level, reduced sand supply from main land due to dams, and the natural process of long-shore current, which transports millions of tons of sand every yead down the coast all have contributed to the erosion of the northen end of this Island significantly to the limit that the forest once stood inland is now on the beach. Exposed to the elements of salt water, rough waves, and wind, the trees die resulting in a skeletal forest called Boneyard Beach!
I want to thank Daniel Myles and Stephen Nelson for carrying the heavy gear needed for this photo on a 5 mile hike on this Island.

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Stitcher Notes


GigaPan Stitch version 2.0.0501 (Windows)
Panorama size: 4411 megapixels (194744 x 22652 pixels)
Input images: 392 (49 columns by 8 rows)
Field of view: 360.0 degrees wide by 41.9 degrees high (top=24.5, bottom=-17.4)
Vignette correction on: c1=-0.0699 c2=0.00239
All default settings
Original image properties:
Camera make: Canon
Camera model: Canon EOS 5D Mark III
Image size: 5760x3840 (22.1 megapixels)
Capture time: 2012-04-21 12:42:11 - 2012-04-21 13:18:03
Aperture: f/2.8
Exposure time: 0.001
ISO: 200
Focal length (35mm equiv.): 194.1 mm
White balance: Fixed
Exposure mode: Manual
Horizontal overlap: 26.4 to 60.4 percent
Vertical overlap: 23.7 to 37.6 percent
Computer stats: 12276.2 MB RAM, 16 CPUs
Total time 54:53 (8.4 seconds per picture)
Alignment: 9:14, Projection: 11:47, Blending: 33:52
(Preview finished in 29:44)

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